Stealing Culture: Azeris Launch Campaign Claiming Armenian Carpets As Their Own

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Sumiyo Okumura The pile carpet was a necessary household item for people living in Central Asia, where Turks originated. During their migratory life span, nomads wove a variety of woolen textiles such as tents, rugs, kilims flat weaves , felts, coverings, sacks, and satchels, and this activity became an important part of their lives. Turks brought their carpet weaving tradition along with them when they migrated from Central Asia toward the West.

Although this isn’t the most reliable method of dating a rug, it does provide a starting point. In the case of braided rugs, Antique Homes reports that many rugs were crafted from old wool clothing. This means that the oldest braided rugs rarely have a distinct pattern/5(14).

The exact pattern will vary greatly by original weavers and the different materials used. Prayer rugs’ patterns generally have a niche at the top, which is turned to face Mecca. During prayer the supplicant kneels at the base of the rug and places his or her hands at either side of the niche at the top of the rug, his or her forehead touching the niche. Typical prayer rug sizes are approximately 2. Carpet with Tree of life, birds, plants, flower and vases Some countries produce textiles with prayer rug patterns for export.

Many modern prayer rugs are strictly commercial pieces made in large numbers to sell on an international market or tourist trade. There are many prayer rugs in existence today that have been taken care of for more than years. Islamic rugs in Protestant Churches[ edit ] Main article: Transylvanian rugs The Saxon Lutheran Churches, parish storerooms and museums of Transylvania safeguard about four hundred Anatolian rugs, dating from the late th to the mid th century.

Rug and carpet

The second edition was reprinted in and went out of print in September Please contact me by e-mail or telephone if you wish to buy a copy. This new book contains a much larger chapter on the Turkmen tribes and extensive up-dating throughout. I have removed the chapter dedicated to the rugs of Anatolia as this is a huge area which I cannot cover in a general book, and the chapter relating to new projects has also been removed.

In world of Antique Oriental Rug, “old” is the seller a rug is older, to the buyer the same rug is not so situation comes about for 2 reasons. Firstly, its virtually impossible to pinpoint the exact year in which a rug was made. Therefore, a range is more appropriate.

In accountancy, depreciation refers to two aspects of the same concept: Businesses depreciate long-term assets for both tax and accounting purposes. The former affects the balance sheet of a business or entity, and the latter affects the net income that they report. Generally the cost is allocated, as depreciation expense, among the periods in which the asset is expected to be used. This expense is recognized by businesses for financial reporting and tax purposes.

Methods of computing depreciation, and the periods over which assets are depreciated, may vary between asset types within the same business and may vary for tax purposes. These may be specified by law or accounting standards, which may vary by country.

Prayer rug

Primarily Persia and Afghanistan. As a result, these durable little bags where made with a variety of techniques, but most often brocading, Soumak or weft substitution. Furthermore, not all salt bags have been used for salt, but that label has stuck. True salt bags, tightly woven and made in both flat weave and knotted pile. Sometimes woven across the bottom of the bags, presumably to make them sturdy enough to haul heavy pieces of rock salt.

In addition, the industrial name used is Halite.

The red dots indicate the orientation of the rug on the loom. The two dots on either side of the the rug indicate the top of the carpet. The “top” of a rug is the last part of the carpet woven by the weaver. In the photo below on the left, the top of the rug is at the top of the image as indicated with the red dots.

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Woven[ edit ] The carpet is produced on a loom quite similar to woven fabric. The pile can be plush or Berber. Plush carpet is a cut pile and Berber carpet is a loop pile. There are new styles of carpet combining the two styles called cut and loop carpeting. Normally many colored yarns are used and this process is capable of producing intricate patterns from predetermined designs although some limitations apply to certain weaving methods with regard to accuracy of pattern within the carpet.

These carpets are usually the most expensive due to the relatively slow speed of the manufacturing process.

Find great deals on eBay for Caucasian Rug in Medium Antique Carpets and Rugs. Shop with confidence. Find great deals on eBay for Caucasian Rug in Medium Antique Carpets and Rugs. We are experts’ in Hand woven rugs dating from the 16th Century to modern! Halifax Out. Free appraisals and we buy old rugs! all our rugs are hand woven unless.

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Oriental rug

The beginning of carpet weaving remains unknown, as carpets are subject to use, deterioration, and destruction by insects and rodents. There is little archaeological evidence to support any theory about the origin of the pile-woven carpet. The earliest surviving carpet fragments are spread over a wide geographic area, and a long time span. The technique of weaving carpets further developed into a technique known as extra-weft wrapping weaving, a technique which produces soumak , and loop woven textiles.

Loop weaving is done by pulling the weft strings over a gauge rod, creating loops of thread facing the weaver. The rod is then either removed, leaving the loops closed, or the loops are cut over the protecting rod, resulting in a rug very similar to a genuine pile rug.

Thus, a woven rug date of “” converts like this: Islamic solar date of + = Christian date of Arabic Numerals Used in Dating Rugs. Western-style numerals are in red; three versions of numbers in Arabic calligraphy are illustrated below them. Arabic numerals are read left-to-right, as in the West: thousands, hundreds, tens, ones.

The exact pattern will vary greatly by original weavers and the different materials used. Prayer rugs’ patterns generally have a niche at the top, which is turned to face Mecca. During prayer the supplicant kneels at the base of the rug and places his or her hands at either side of the niche at the top of the rug, his or her forehead touching the niche. Typical prayer rug sizes are approximately 2. Some countries produce textiles with prayer rug patterns for export.

Many modern prayer rugs are strictly commercial pieces made in large numbers to sell on an international market or tourist trade. There are many prayer rugs in existence today that have been taken care of for more than years. Islamic rugs in Protestant Churches[ edit ] Main article: Transylvanian rugs The Saxon Lutheran Churches, parish storerooms and museums of Transylvania safeguard about four hundred Anatolian rugs, dating from the late th to the mid th century.

They form the richest and best-preserved corpus of prayer-format rugs of Ottoman period outside Turkey. Until it had the status of an autonomous Principality, maintaining the Christian religion and own administration but paying tribute to the Ottoman Porte.

Parthia, an Iranian civilization situated in the northeast of modern Iran , existed from between B. In classical times, the northern slopes of the Caucasus mountains were inhabited by the Circassians on the west, and the Avars on the east. In between them, the Zygians occupied Zyx, approximately the area covered by north Ossetia, the Balkar, the Ingush and the Chechen republics today. The Zygians were partly nomad shepherds, partly brigands and pirates, for which they had ships specially adapted.

Caucasian rugs are rugs that come from the countries that comprise the small region of the world called the Caucasus. This region is the birthplace of Caucasian rugs, the vast majority of which are made in the country of Azerbaijan.

Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Uses of rugs and carpets Carpets developed in Central and western Asia as coverings for beaten-earth floors. From time immemorial, carpets covered the floors of house and tent as well as mosque and palace. In the homes of wealthy Eastern families, floor coverings serve an aesthetic as well as a practical function. There are usually four carpets. Design, naturally linked to religious imagery , is characterized by the mihrab, or prayer niche an imitation of the prayer niche in the wall of a mosque , the apex of which could be pointed toward Mecca.

Until the mid th century, Asian carpets imported into Europe were considered too precious to serve as permanent floor coverings. Taking this European attitude into account, the Egyptian manufacturers created several unusual shapes and sizes for the European market: During the 17th century, covering the entire floor with costly knotted carpets became fashionable. The mid th century witnessed a boom in antique-carpet prices that resulted in choicer pieces ending up back on the wall.

Oriental carpets served many uses besides covering floors. They made handsome curtains, served as tribute money, and were frequently gifts of one state to another. They were used as blankets, canopies, coverings for tent openings, and tomb covers. They have also made excellent saddle covers and storage bags for use in tents.

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Caucasian rugs of this period are among the great masterpieces of classical or early rug production. In the nineteenth century the Caucasus became a major area of village carpet production for export under official Russian control.

Below is the text of the announcement. Official Azerbaijan, in collusion with members of the private sector close to the Azeri regime, has launched a campaign geared towards appropriating ancient Armenian carpet, rug, and textile weaving traditions and production as their own by generating articles in local and international news outlets, sponsoring exhibits, and publishing art books that portray Armenian woven arts and history, as their own.

Azerbaijan Journal of Economics, Finance and Business , supported and abetted by the Azeri government—a notorious human rights violator—have recently published articles erroneously claiming that what are clearly Armenian carpets and rugs of global renown, from a variety of historic Armenian regions, including the Republics of Armenia and Artsakh Nagorno Karabakh , respectively, are Azeri cultural artifacts and traditions. Carpet weaving, the most common kind of folk craft, became a symbol of the Azerbaijani people.

Carpets expressing the idea of protection of the home and harmony create coziness in the house, filling the space of the room with a meaning and visually increasing it. Not without reason, experienced housewives in the renovation of the interior primarily care about the quality and beauty of carpets, curtains and lighting fixtures. Today, Azerbaijan revives carpet weaving, which has somewhat reduced the pace of development and production volumes in the country.

Currently, the first stage of the revival is under way, involving the construction of 10 carpet-making enterprises, and in the future their number will be brought to Azerbaijan Journal Of Economics, Finance And Business February 26, Translated from the Russian via Google Chrome Translate These salacious contentions are, of course, diametrically opposed to decades of work produced by countless academics, experts, and specialists from around the world, regarding the provenance of the artifacts and the millennial traditions of Armenian artisans and craftspeople, as well as their vast influence on other cultures.

This unabashed falsification of history and cultural capital is the latest in a long line of smear campaigns and propaganda that not only strike at the heart and soul of Armenian cultural identity, but is a harsh blow to the international arts community and to woven arts scholarship in general, putting in serious danger whole academic disciplines and bodies of work. Sadly, the Azeri and Turkish states have long engaged in heinous policies and actions targeting Armenians and Armenian culture.

The early part of the last century saw the wholesale slaughter and deportation of Armenians from the Armenian Highlands, and, then, the wholesale destruction of Armenian architectural sites, cultural artifacts, archeological treasures, and myriad other cultural properties, across once vibrant historic Armenia, filled-out the rest of the century.

Joanne the Scammer “Get Out of My Caucasian House” Welcome Mat